La salud de un expatriado: precauciones sanitarias

17
Jan

Moving abroad carries certain health risks that may threaten the health of workers , depending on your destination country .

Tropical diseases  – typical warm climate – food, water quality and sanitary standards are factors to consider before and during the process of relocation .

Vaccines : Asia and Africa are especially dangerous . Diseases such as Hepatitis A and B , malaria , yellow fever , typhoid , dengue, cholera , among others, require the immunization of the expatriate ,that  you should contact your doctor to get the necessary vaccinations required to advance in each case .

Food and water : the street food offer  cheap and tasty food , however, it does not comply with the health regulations of the country , which can lead to diarrhea or even in the hospital.

Both food such as contaminated water can cause gastrointestinal infections that may even be the source of serious infectious diseases such as hepatitis or cholera .

Therefore , it is important that the expatriate take certain precautions such as:

– Wash your hands before and after handling food

– Use only bottled, boiled or disinfected and avoid ice cold drinks

– Eat fresh foods and avoid reheated

– Avoid dairy products that are not pasteurized or have not been properly refrigerated

Emergency and Survival Kit : regardless of the country in which the expatriate is, it is important that , in stressful situations , you know where and how to obtain technical assistance and health care. A first step is to have a list with phone numbers and the nearest local emergency , fire and police hospital , the embassy or consulate of your country of origin, etc. .

If you do not master the language 100% , you can prepare key words and phrases to describe the specific medical problem in the local language .

Health system: depending on the country where you are at, will vary health coverage ( public or private health) . It is important that the worker be aware of the various medical procedures and medications may or may not be covered, as well as the form of payment. For example, in Spain, is already implementing the Single Health Insurance Card for Spain, which facilitates the access to public health from any autonomous community and streamlines the bureaucratic red tape. However, in the U.S. health care is private and expenses are paid in full by the employee.